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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 3-7

Comparitive study of functional and radiological outcome of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy versus proximal fibular osteotomy in patients with osteoarthritis knee

Department of Orthopaedics, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sparsh Jaiswal
Department of Orthopaedics, Subharti Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jbjd.jbjd_5_21

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Aim: Proximal fibular osteotomy (PFO) and valgus high tibial osteotomy (HTO) are the well-established treatment options for patients with K-L grade 2, 3 medial compartment knee osteoarthritis where replacement may not be the treatment of choice. The aim of the present study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes following HTO and PFO. Materials and Methods: During the duration of 2 years, two groups of 30 patients each undergoing PFO with a mean age of 53.9 years (range 40–65 years) and HTO with a mean age of 54.7 years (range 40–65 years) were compared and followed up for 1 year. They were compared on the basis of preoperative and postoperative range of walking distance, Numerical Pain Rating Score, American Knee Society Score, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, femorotibial angle, and medial joint space narrowing. Results: In PFO group, immediate postoperative functional scores improved and maintained for 3 months during follow-up. Following which there was the decline in the functional score up to 1-year follow-up, whereas in the HTO group, the improvement is seen with a gradual increase in postoperative functional scores that progressed positively for the entire follow-up period of 1 year. Conclusion: Both PFO and HTO lead to good and comparable radiological and functional results. However, HTO provided slow but long-term success in terms of functional and radiological scores after the follow-up period of 1 year.

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