|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 15-17
Combination of Galeazzi fracture, fracture ulnar head, and ipsilateral posterior elbow dislocation: A rare case report
Mohammad Jesan Khan1, Ariz Raza1, Ujjawal Singhal1, Sidra Asif2
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital (JNMCH), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital (JNMCH), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Submission||26-Jan-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||12-Apr-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||13-May-2022|
Mohammad Jesan Khan
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital (JNMCH), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh, UP
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Posterior elbow dislocation, ipsilateral Galeazzi fracture, and fracture of ulnar head is a very unusual injury pattern. In the literature, only eight such cases have been reported. Another such case of a 24-year-old woman is being reported by us. Elbow dislocation was reduced immediately under sedation in an emergency. Radius was fixed with a compression plate and distal ulna was fixed with a K wire. Elbow and wrist physiotherapy is started 3 weeks after immobilization.
Keywords: Elbow dislocation, fracture of ulnar head, Galeazzi fracture
|How to cite this article:|
Khan MJ, Raza A, Singhal U, Asif S. Combination of Galeazzi fracture, fracture ulnar head, and ipsilateral posterior elbow dislocation: A rare case report. J Bone Joint Dis 2022;37:15-7
|How to cite this URL:|
Khan MJ, Raza A, Singhal U, Asif S. Combination of Galeazzi fracture, fracture ulnar head, and ipsilateral posterior elbow dislocation: A rare case report. J Bone Joint Dis [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 15];37:15-7. Available from: http://www.jbjd.in/text.asp?2022/37/1/15/345164
| Introduction|| |
Galeazzi fracture is a radial diaphyseal fracture with distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) disruption. It accounts for approximately 7% of all fractures of the forearm. Elbow is a relatively stable joint even after elbow dislocations are fairly common. After shoulder dislocation, elbow dislocation is the second most common joint dislocation. Approximately 90% of the elbow dislocations are posterior or posterolateral dislocations. Approximately 25% of elbow dislocations are complex and associated with fractures around the elbow. However, elbow dislocations with ipsilateral Galeazzi fracture and fracture of ulnar head are extremely rare and only eight such cases are reported.,,,,,,, We are reporting another case of posterior dislocation of the elbow with an ipsilateral Galeazzi fracture and fracture of ulnar head.
| Case Report|| |
A 24-year-old female patient presented to us in the emergency ward after sustaining injury to her left upper limb in a road traffic accident. On examination, there was deformity and tenderness over the forearm, elbow, and wrist. Plain radiograph showed Galeazzi fracture dislocation with ipsilateral posterolateral dislocation and fracture of ulnar head [Figure 1]a, [Figure 2]a
|Figure 1: (A) Radiograph showing posterior dislocation of elbow. (B) Radiograph after reduction|
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|Figure 2: (A) Preop radiograph showing fracture of shaft of radius with DRUJ dislocation along with ulnar head fracture. (B) After radius fracture fixator with small fragment DCP and ulnar head fracture fixation with K wire|
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Elbow dislocation was reduced in the emergency under sedation [Figure 1b] After reduction, the elbow joint was found to be stable. After two days, the patient was operated and open reduction and internal fixation were done with six-hole small fragment dynamic compression plate using a 3.5 mm cortical screw through modified Henry approach. Ulnar head fracture was fixed with a 2.5 mm K wire [Figure 2b]. On the operating table, DRUJ was found to be stable. Three doses of antibiotics prophylaxis during perioperative period as per our institutional protocol. Above elbow slab was given for 2 weeks after that slab was removed and elbow physiotherapy was started.
| Discussion|| |
Forceful axial loading of forearm on extended wrist and hyper-pronated forearm is mechanism of injury in most of the reported Galeazzi fractures., Posterior elbow dislocation of elbow is mainly caused by a posterior directed force on falling outstretched hand., Posterior elbow dislocation and ipsilateral Galeazzi fractures are very rare injury pattern and only eight such cases are reported in the literature.,,,,,,, Out of which six patients were male and two patients were female. The mean age was 21 years (range 16–58). Road traffic accidents were the most common mode of injury (four patients) suggesting high-velocity trauma causing such injury patterns. In all patients, the radius was fixed with compression plates. In two patients DRUJ was found unstable intraoperatively and fixed with pinning of DRUJ., The case reported by Ng and Rose where the patient is having posterior elbow dislocation was associated with coronoid fracture for which open reduction and internal fixation of coronoid along with collateral ligament was done. In the patient reported by Rajeev et al. elbow dislocation was neglected and open reduction and collateral ligaments repair was done.
| Conclusion|| |
Galeazzi fracture associated with ipsilateral posterior elbow dislocation is a rare pattern of injury. Close reduction of the elbow should be done immediately. Radius fracture should be fixed with compression plates. After radius fixation if DRUJ is unstable, it should be fixed with K wire.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
Ethics approval and consent to participate
Approval for study was taken from Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital (JNMCH), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Aligarh ethical committee (institutional).
Availability of data and material
All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files, especially in tables).
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]