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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165-171

Role of teriparatide (rh PTH) in fracture healing of osteoporotic patient

1 State Medical College Bahraich, Bahraich, India
2 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
3 Department of Orthopedics, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India
4 Department of Orthopedics, Hind Medical College, Lucknow, India
5 Department of Orthopedics, S.N. Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jaydeep Patel
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jbjd.jbjd_34_22

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Introduction: Osteoporosis a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a fracture. It is the most common reason for fracture among the elderly. Osteoporosis, an imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. The diagnosis of osteoporosis can be made using conventional radiography and by measuring the bone mineral density. Osteoporosis is diagnosed when the bone mineral density is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below that of a young reference. Teriparatide, a recombinant form of parathyroid hormone (identical to a portion of human parathyroid hormone (PTH)), intermittent use activates osteoblasts more than osteoclasts, which leads to an overall increase in bone turnover. Teriparatide is the only anabolic agent (i.e., bone growing) indicated for use in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at a high risk for fracture or with a history of osteoporotic fracture, patients with multiple risk factors for fracture. It has been FDA-approved since 2002. Materials and Methods: Over duration of october 2016 to march 2018, 60 patients who have fracture with osteoporosis admitted in S.N. Medical College, Agra. Patient suspected to have osteoporosis based on conventional radiography. Selected patients in the study undergone confirmation of osteoporosis by dual energy absorptiometry and those who are below 2.5 standard deviation are kept in study. Patients fitting into inclusion criteria would form the study group. Data collected by interviews, observation of clinical and radiological findings. 60 patients divided in two groups as cases and controls. Cases are subjected to teriparatide therapy and controls given placebo. Results: Bone formation marker alkaline phosphatase were 150% above baseline after 8 weeks in the teriparatide-treated patient. At 8 weeks, approximately 91.037% in the teriparatide group showed improved healing of osteoporotic fracture compared to 57.14% in the placebo group. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that teriparatide provide selective advantages to fracture healing or functional recovery in the management of osteoporotic fractures. Teriparatide effective in accelerating and increasing the rate of fracture healing. However, more randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate with certainty the impacts of Teriparatideosteoanabolic role in fracture healing to decide on incorporate this drug as a standard option for conservative management of osteoporotic fracture.

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